CBD vs THC: The Differences, Benefits, Side-effects and Legality

The information about CBD vs. THC can, at times, be confusing. You might be wondering about the factors that make it hits the headlines now and then! Notably, it’s the sociological changes that come with self-care and the general well-being that takes the Cannabis industry at the forefront. Find out the truth about CBD by considering reading this insightful piece about Cannabis products.

What are THC and CBD?

THC and CBD are two essential compounds that are available in both marijuana and hemp plants. CBD (Cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) are the chemical twins available in the cannabis plants only that their molecular structures vary, hence explaining the variations in the effects they cause to the human body.

Both CBD and THC do have 21 carbon atoms, two oxygen atoms, and 30 hydrogen atoms. The atom’s arrangement varies. It is worth noticing that THC is abundant in the marijuana plant while the CBD is abundant in the hemp plant though they all belong to the Cannabis sativa family. Please keep reading for real details about their differences.

The Key Differences Between CBD vs. THC

To elaborate on the differences between CBD and THC, separating them will give real insights about each of them. Both CBD vs. THC do have the same carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen atoms, but their arrangement does vary. The article will start with CBD, then THC!


CBD is a by-product that you get when you heat the CBDA. It has a very low affinity to the CB1 receptors in the human body, making it lack the euphoric side effects. CBD does have anticonvulsant properties, and they are majorly sourced from the hemp plant, which belongs to the Cannabis Sativa family. CBD has a complete application for treating several conditions, such as anxiety, pain, and stress. Epidiolex is also one of the prescription drugs that they manufacture using CBD.


THC is a by-product that you get when you heat the THCA. The product does have many issues, and that is why marijuana is still facing lots of restrictions. THC is responsible for marijuana’s psychotropic effect, causing the users to have a euphoric effect since they have a high affinity for the CB1 receptors.

How Do CBD and THC Affect the Human Body?

CBD vs. THC will interact with the endocannabinoid system in the human body bringing about varying effects. The Endocannabinoid system does play a role in regulating mood, memory, pain sensation, and appetite. Here, you will find the receptor cells, CB1 receptors, where messages are transmitted through these receptor cells.

While signals pass through the CB1 receptors, the Anandamide chemical attaches to the CB1 receptors hence delaying the next impulse. When you experience delays, assume it is an impulse for pain-sensing. CBD and THC interact with the CB1 receptors, but they do this differently due to their chemical alignment difference.

CB1 receptors are channels, while Anandamide chemicals won’t interact with THC. Instead, they slip together like the Anandamide due to the similar chemical structure. When they slip together, it leaves the gate open, allowing for more impulses to travel, making the body have a different sensitivity to pain, appetite, and creativity, thus elaborating the high feeling you experience.

CBD structure, on the other hand, does not fit the construction of the CB1 receptors due to variation in the atomic structure, hence locking them preventing THC from docking, explaining why it is essential to have a high content of CBD than THC.

What are the Medical Benefits of THC and CBD?

Now, you should be wondering about what you get when they interact with your endocannabinoid system! Well, there are many health benefits of CBD and THC. CBD has a broader application in treating epilepsy, anxiety, and psychosis, while THC will accord the user with euphoric benefits, relaxing effects, and pain-relieving effects.


Has the following benefits

  • Anticonvulsant
  • Anti-anxiety
  • Neuroprotective
  • Treating conditions of inflammation


  • Best muscle relaxant
  • It’s an appetite stimulant
  • best sleep aid

Side Effects of CBD and THC

High CBD and THC strains will bring a few side effects when you take them, especially when you are getting started with them. The Side-effects may not be universal to all CBD users. The most common side-effects associated with CBD vs. THC include;


  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Anorexia
  • Weight loss


THC is psychoactive. The side-effects that are well-defined includes

Cannabinoids Effects: Do THC or CBD Get You High?

On the part of the CBD vs. THC effects, it is essential to realize that each one has a specific impact on the human body. For instance, THC is very psychoactive hence bringing about the intoxication that is characterized by loss of memory, euphoria, and many other cases such as hallucination.

On the other hand, CBD is non-psychoactive hence does not lead to intoxication since it does not activate the CB1 receptors. You may experience the side-effects such as dizziness, nausea, and diarrhea when you take CBD high vs. THC high contents.

Why is CBD Used More Than THC for Medical Treatments?

CBD is beneficial since it lacks the cognitive effects you will face when consuming THC-rich cannabis products. The CBD will counteract THC’s adverse effects, such as thinking, reasoning, and loss of organization skills, which are caused by increased intake of THC.

To minimize THC’s common adverse effects, breeders are now creating favorite products with High CBD concentration THC to reduce the negatives that result from THC! THC has a smaller application since the conditions they also treat are rare and, therefore, do not receive a great application. It is for this reason that you find many CBD products being recommended for medicinal purposes other than THC!


What Ratio of THC to CBD is Best?

Rationing CBD vs. THC is an essential process since everyone will react to cannabis products differently. The kind of treatment you intend the Cannabis products to deliver you from determines the ratio you will choose!

It is always advisable to talk to your health provider before you start taking CBD products. You will then begin with a shallow dose as you gradually increase until you arrive at that specific dose that gives you the best results. Be aware of the side-effect of each product even as you try to determine your correct dosage.

Are THC and CBD Legal?

The legality of cannabis products in the United States solely depends on source and concentration. For a CBD product to be legal, it must be hemp-derived with a low THC concentration below 0.3%. It is now legal in over 50 states.

CBD sourced from marijuana is illegal unless they are the product of state-regulated medical marijuana. The Federal law of the US and Washington prohibits Marijuana and THC.

Notably, CBD products are now legal in 50 states in the US! The CBD should have a low THC content, which must fall below 0.3%, and should be sourced from certified farms in the United States.

The Bottom Line

Many sites deliberate on the question about CBD vs. THC very well. The CBD vs. THC for pain are the best products, especially during these periods where natural options prove to be the refuge for neurological conditions. It is always wise to be careful with the concentration and dosing so that you don’t find yourself on the negative side of CBD vs. THC’s effects!

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Terence Watson

Terence Watson worked as an herbal consultant in a famous health and wellness industry after graduating with a degree in biological sciences from Pretoria University. He later suffers stress and anxiety, and he begins looking for medications. It was not easy for Terence until the point CBD came on his way! Terence furthers his research about CBD, and he realizes it was a real deal for wellness and a better lifestyle. Watson begins taking CBD oil, and it took him a short while before she gets a full recovery. The recovery was an inspiration to Terence Watson, and he immediately starts writing about CBD in 2015.

Terence Now writes a lot about CBD products and brands. He knows the importance of understanding a product by brand name and understanding the sources and the processes in every brand. Readers looking for insights about the CBD brands can get them by reading the timely articles by Terence Watson. He also writes about the best CBD products by highlighting the key factors that make the best CBD products, knowing the type of CBD is a real win for the people who needs an effective medication for pain, anxiety, and stress. He is the best teacher that can help you find the solutions for your fitness and wellness issues.

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