Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions have increased due to human activity, causing temperatures to rise. Extreme weather and the melting of polar ice are two possible outcomes.
So, What Exactly is Climate Change?
The average weather in a location over a long period is referred to as climate. Climate change is the result of a change in the average conditions. Global temperatures are rising as the Earth enters a time of rapid climate change.
What Will the Effects of Climate Change on People, Environment, and Nature?
Climate change will affect people’s way of life by impacting water sources and causing a challenge in food production. Furthermore, climate change makes food production difficult. The sea level is also rising, therefore, making some places to be uninhabitable.
Extreme weather phenomena, such as heatwaves, torrential rains, and storms, will become more common and severe, therefore, posing a threat to people’s lives and livelihoods. While People in poorer countries, who are least able to adapt, will bear the consequences.
Polar ice and glaciers rapidly melt, putting low-lying coastal communities at risk of flooding from increasing seas. The melting of permafrost in locations like Siberia causes the release of Methane gas which is among the greenhouse gases.
Some animals will be able to relocate to new sites as their habitats change. However, because climate change is occurring rapidly, many species are expected to become extinct. Polar bears are in danger of vanishing as the ice on which they rely disappears. Salmon fish risk extinction as the river water in which Atlantic salmon breeds decreases. As the seas absorb CO2 and become more acidic, tropical coral reefs may go extinct. Wildfires may also occur due to increasing temperatures.
What are the Reasons for This?
However, human activities are causing global temperatures to rise despite variations in conditions among places. The world is around 1.2 degrees Celsius warmer than before people began using oil, gas, and coal to power factories.CO2 levels in the atmosphere have increased by approximately 50 percent since the 19th century and 12 percent in the last two decades. Burning charcoal after clearing trees through deforestation will release carbon into the atmosphere.
More Related: How Fireworks Effects the Environment
What Will the Future Bring?
Scientists at 1.5 degrees Celsius have determined the “safe” limit for global warming. If the world’s temperature rises, harmful changes to the natural environment would most likely transform humanity’s way of existence. Many scientists believe this will occur, with rises of 3 degrees Celsius or more predicted by the end of the century.
The Following are Some of the Global Effects
- Extreme rainfall will put the United Kingdom at risk of floods due to increased water levels.
- Rising seas could wipe out l Low lands like the Pacific because of the melting glaciers.
- The African countries should expect Drought and food shortages because of the encroachment of desert due to desertification.
- The Western United States will experience Drought conditions because of increasing heat.
- Other places will likely get higher rainfall and more violent storms due to climate change.
- Climate change is causing an increase in drought in parts of Australia, therefore causing a risk in food production.
What Steps Should the Government Take to Gap Climate Change?
The UN calls nations worldwide to set goals for reducing greenhouse gas emissions to “zero” by the middle of the century and developing the mechanisms that will absorb an equal amount of emissions by creating ammonia sources that will absorb the same amount.
What are Scientists up to These Days?
Climate change is becoming increasingly well understood by scientists. They can relate climate change and specific weather occurrences like heavy rain and heatwaves. There is a great expectation that scientists can predict extreme catastrophes in the future basing on the current research.
What Can People Do to Reduce Climate Change?
- People should use public means of transport to lessen their dependency on automobiles.
- They should insulate their dwelling places to minimize entry of greenhouse gases.
- Reduce the number of flights that you take per year.
It is possible to protect against climate change by embracing the things that will discourage global heat. Legislation and executions remain the lead considerations that governments should use to address the dangers of Climate change effectively. People should also embrace traditional lighting and industrial practices to minimize the risk factors for climate change.