What is ketoconazole shampoo? A frequently asked question of the folks. In the dermatological world, dandruff is one of the common yet irritating skin problems.
Whenever you go to the doctor with severe dandruff issues, mainly, the doctors prescribe this shampoo. However, why do they suggest this one? What is the specialty of this shampoo? Are there any possible risks of using it?
Well, we have got your back, mate. This complete guide on ketoconazole shampoo covers almost all the unknown questions. And we strongly recommend you to go through this feature carefully before you decide to use it. Let us explore the essential facts on this medicinal shampoo.
What Is Ketoconazole Shampoo?
Before we answer- “what is ketoconazole shampoo?” let us briefly explain the term “ketoconazole.” Well, ketoconazole is a type of drug used as an antifungal remedy. To be specific, it’s an artificial antifungal agent.
Basically, for the skin issues like athlete’s foot, ringworm or yeast infections, ketoconazole is available in various forms. Apart from cream or gel, ketoconazole shampoo is available in the market. Also, you will find it as an OTC or prescription shampoo.
You can purchase ketoconazole shampoo 1% or 2%, depending on the concentration of ketoconazole. There is an over-the-counter 1% shampoo. However, the more powerful 2% form requires a doctor’s prescription.
Different Types of Ketoconazole Shampoo
As we have mentioned before, you can find this shampoo as OTC(Over-the-counter) and with a doctor’s recommendation. To add, the most known OTC (generally with 1% ketoconazole) brand is Nizoral. Many supermarkets carry it, and it is also available online. Also, the shampoo brands which require a doctor’s prescription are – Ket Med, Ketozal, Ketozolin.
How Does Ketoconazole Shampoo Work to Treat Your Scalp Issues?
You have already understood -” what is ketoconazole shampoo.” Maybe you would like to explore the ketoconazole shampoo benefits further.
Here is an interesting fact.
Do you know what causes that utterly frustrating dandruff on your head? Yes, nothing but a fungus named Malassezia. However, genetics and environment play a role in Malassezia’s development. Several factors affect fungus growth, including body hormones, environment, plus diet.
Naturally, the scalp cells grow. However, Malassezia causes inflammation, stimulating the regeneration procedure of our scalp cells. So, it develops the turnover of cells. Moreover, the growth of the dead cells is also increased. Thus, the condition leads to scalp itching, shedding, and dandruff.
Ketoconazole, as an antifungal remedy, is effective against Malassezia. The salicylic acid in ketoconazole shampoo helps to control dandruff and itching. Besides, it also lessens inflammation, which is why ketoconazole shampoo can slow down the shedding process.
How to Use This Medicine
Ketoconazole shampoo is only for your external users. As always, verify that you are following the instruction manual fully. As suggested by the Cleveland Clinic, users should wash both hands before and after the application. This is because ketoconazole is a strong chemical. Then, before applying it over the scalp, wet the scalp thoroughly. Take enough amount so that the lather can cover the affected areas.
Afterward, give it at least 5 minutes to get the best results. You are all set! Rinse it off entirely with enough water. Well, avoid getting it in your eyes or other sensitive areas. However, if it gets in the eyes, rinse the eyes quickly with water.
Who Can Use This?
Let us tweak the question a bit. Like-
Who should not use this shampoo? Normally, dermatologists don’t prescribe this shampoo to patients who are sensitive to ketoconazole. Further, first-time users should check the other active components of this shampoo. If they are allergic to any of them, they should avoid using this product.
Additionally, pregnant or breastfeeding women should not use this shampoo without a doctor’s consultation. The latest 2019 research on ketoconazole suggests that people can apply it topically. Moreover, it can be used safely for dandruff and other scalp problems recovery purposes.
Nevertheless, we recommend applying a small portion at first. If the first application occurs any irritation, you should not continue the usage. And in any severe skin irritation, experts advise seeking medical help. However, the extreme reaction is somewhat rare. We are going to discuss the possible side effects in the next segment.
Risks and Side Effects of Ketoconazole Shampoo
Ketoconazole shampoo rarely causes any serious side effects. Yet, some probable reactions could be-
- Face, tongue, or lips inflammation
- Skin rash
- Dry or flaky skin
However, it is not necessary to seek emergency medical assistance for those issues. But if they persist or become too bothersome, you should consult your physician.
How Often Do You Use It?
Does ketoconazole shampoo work more efficiently if you apply it more? Maybe then dandruff won’t return. Well, that is not the case, unfortunately. According to the ketoconazole percentage (1% or 2%), the dosage will vary.
Usually, as for prescription ketoconazole, applying twice a week for dandruff is enough. Moreover, thrice a week is generally suggested to prevent hair loss. And you can use the OTC version almost every day, depending on your symptoms.
Does Ketoconazole Shampoo Interact with Other Drugs?
It may happen in some cases. To add, the interaction could be of severe, serious, or moderate types. Therefore, the healthcare professional should inform you about any potential drug interaction. To be safe, consult your physician when starting, stopping, or changing the dosage. Also, you must tell the doctor as well as the pharmacist of any of your current medications.
The Bottom Line
It’s time to wrap up, guys. All in all, we want to remind you about its usage once more, as this product is not any typical perfumed shampoo. For example, do not use ketoconazole shampoo as per your wish. Plus, only follow the prescription or the user instructions. Then, you can expect to see the effects within several weeks.
However, the result will differ according to the severity of the problem. After a month, if you don’t notice any visible improvement, consult your doctor. Hence, trying other options is better if ketoconazole shampoo doesn’t work. We hope now you have got a detailed answer to the question- what is ketoconazole shampoo? Stay well and healthy. Thanks for stopping by!