Greenhouse Effect: Causes, Advantages, Disadvantages And More

There have been concerns that global warming is gradually changing our climate. Many of us aren’t aware that they take part in global warming without their knowledge. For instance, burning plastic material or fossil fuel emit some greenhouse gasses that may take years to vanish. Also, greenhouse gasses play a crucial role in maintaining the Earth’s temperature by absorbing the sun’s energy. However, an increased amount of these gasses leads to the greenhouse effect, which is now a global concern. Please find out more about global warming and how they affect our planet.

What Is the Greenhouse Effect?

Almost all organisms depend directly or indirectly on the sun to support their daily life or process. Moreover, the sun is also essential as it helps to warm the Earth and maintain a favorable temperature that’s habitable by both plants and animals. Furthermore, we would say that climate and weather also depend on the sun but not always. When looking at how the solar radiation reaches the Earth, it’s clear that the planet often absorbs some heat and reflects some energy to the atmosphere. These ensure balance, so there is a predictable temperature. The heat absorption is possible due to what we call greenhouse gasses that absorb the sun’s energy and emit the extra energy back to the atmosphere.

These gasses ensure a balance between the coolness and warmness of our planet. For a long, this has been the trend until the 1800s when the industrial revolution occurred, increasing greenhouse gasses. As a result, the gasses absorb much energy while emitting only a few. Therefore, the global warmth has been evitable. So, what is the greenhouse effect? It’s a process through which the natural greenhouse gasses absorb the sun’s energy and emit extra energy to the atmosphere, thus maintaining the Earth’s temperature.

A Brief History of the Greenhouse Effect

Svante Arrhenius (1859-1927), a Swedish scientist, claimed in 1896 that the increased fossil combustion was the possible cause of global warming. Based on the history of global warming and greenhouse effects, Svante was the first scientist to propose a relationship between the planet’s temperature and CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. And today, many factors have been discovered as a contributing factor to global warming.

What Are the Causes of the Greenhouse Effect?

The scientific discovery and increase in the technology industry have positively contributed to greenhouse effects. But most importantly, the cause of greenhouse effects are associated with the activities of human beings to meet their luxurious life. These activities have increased the number of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere, thus increasing greenhouse effects. So, below are the common causes of greenhouse effects.


The agricultural industry has been the most significant contributor to our economy and a way of obtaining food. In reality, we can not survive today without farming because we have eaten. However, farmers believe that fertilizers help improve the number of products and protect the plants against pests. What many of us don’t know is that they have been contributing to greenhouse effects. Fertilizers contain Nitrous oxide, which is a greenhouse gas.


The increased demand for wooden items could the reason behind the increased deforestation. Deforestation is a common practice, especially by companies that deal with the lumbering business. Scientifically, forests absorb much of CO2 and release oxygen through photosynthesis. So, deforestation reduces oxygen in the atmosphere and increases CO2, which is a greenhouse gas.

Burning of Fossil Fuels

Unlike the past, when our forefathers didn’t rely on electricity or automobiles, they are a significant component of our life today.  The use of natural gasses, coal, and oil to fuel automotive is a good reason for the increased greenhouse effect. As we burn fossil fuel, carbon is released into the atmosphere. When the carbon and oxygen available in the atmosphere react, it will form CO2, contributing to the greenhouse effect.

Population Growth

Due to the increased population, there has been an increased demand for shelter, food, and clothing. As a result, industrialization and modernization have increased the number of harmful gases emitted into the atmosphere. Therefore, the greenhouse effect has been inevitable.

Industrial Waste & Landfills

Oil production, coal mining, garbage landfills, and cement production are among the industrial activities that emit harmful gasses into the atmosphere. As a result, they trap excess solar energy and cause global warming. Here you will able to learn more about how waste management prevents the greenhouse effect.

What Are the Advantages of the Greenhouse Effect?

Block harmful solar radiation: The benefits of having greenhouse effects are that it helps prevent harmful solar radiation from getting into the Earth’s surface. Harmful solar radiation can have an adverse effect when it hit the Earth’s surface, affecting life negatively. Greenhouse gases help in the formation of a protective layer against harmful UV rays.

Maintains temperature level: The greenhouse effect plays a key role in maintaining the earth’s conducive temperature levels. The decrease in the greenhouse effect and greenhouse gases could freeze our world. Thus, the greenhouse effect is essential to keep the planet work to accommodate many living organisms.

Maintains water level: By absorbing solar energy, greenhouse gases provide enough heat to help melting glaciers. As a result, they help to keep the water level on the planet’s surface. Moreover, the contribution to forming a circle between unfreezing glacier and vaporizing water from oceans and other water bodies.

What Are the Disadvantages of the Greenhouse Effect?

Destruction of aquatic life: marine bodies are essential in our globe as it helps to absorb CO2. An increase in greenhouse gases means the water bodies will have to increase the absorption of carbon dioxide. Too much CO2 causes an increase in the alkalinity of water bodies. Most aquatic life can’t survive in an alkaline solution, which means they will die soon and become extinct like the dinosaurs.

Natural disasters: the increased greenhouse effect can cause natural disasters that can take the lives of many. Moreover, the increase in greenhouse gasses increases their ability to melt glaciers and polar icecaps. The results can be floods and tsunamis. Moreover, this can intensify other natural calamities such as hurricanes, cyclones, among others.

The spread of diseases: Rapid increase in temperature can cause health conditions such as dengue, cholera, malaria, respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. When the temperature increase, the infections can spread easily and quickly to a broader geographical location.

Greenhouse Effects

Greenhouse Effect and Their Impact on Global Warming

Human activities increase greenhouse gasses such as Carbon Dioxide, Nitrous Oxide, Halogenated compound emission, water vapor, and methane. The role of greenhouse gasses to trap infrared radiation got the sun and blocked them from getting into the Earth’s surface. This provides the natural greenhouse gas effect, also known as global warming. The natural Greenhouse gases that occur help maintain steady solar energy absorption, thus ensuring the conducive planet’s temperature.

However, if human activities interrupt these greenhouse gasses’ natural generation, it will increase or reduce the gasses. Too many greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have led to increased absorption of the sun’s energy. This has resulted in global warming, a process in which the Earth’s temperature keeps rising.

How are Humans Impacting the Greenhouse Effect?

The activities of humans have been the cause of the changing greenhouse effects. Activities such as burning fossil fuels such as oils and coal increase the level of CO2 in the atmosphere. NASA observed the increasing amount of CO2 and other greenhouse gas effects on the planet’s atmosphere,  a point of consideration for our world’s future. A high amount of greenhouse gases leads to the absorption of extrasolar energy, leading to global warming.

What Reduces the Greenhouse Effect on Earth?

The role of plants in reducing greenhouse effects is remarkable, as seen in the glass greenhouses. From the tinniest Watermeal (Wolffia globose) to the biggest aspen (Populus tremuloides), plants can reduce the global impact as they absorb CO2 and release oxygen. Furthermore, the ocean help in the absorption of CO2 in the atmosphere. However, an increased amount of CO2 in the atmosphere causes ocean acidification. If the human impact on global warming cannot be addressed, aquatic life is perishing.

The Bottom Line

From this discussion, it’s clear that the greenhouse effect can be beneficial to our planet and harm our planet. The simple things we do can either contribute to the wellness of our world or destroy it. Therefore, it’s ideal that we take part in conserving our environment. If possible, planting trees can restore our planet’s natural greenhouse effect protective barrier.

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James Trotta
I'm a blogger and also a news editor. I am obviously enthusiastic about worldwide news, including social media news. I've been following news trends and almost trying to fill you in with the stuff you're keen on.

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