The schedule for sustainable development goals traces its initiation to September 2015 by the United Nations. Sustainable development goals thrive in a principle of “leaving no one behind,” emphasizing a holistic approach to sustainable development.
The agenda is a whole-rounded idea touching on all people without leaving behind people with disabilities. It focuses on protecting the planet while enforcing the activities that will foresee tremendous growth in the future.
An Overview of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)?
The United Nations come up with the global goals in 2015, aiming to end poverty, protect the planet, and enhance peace and cohesion among the earth’s inhabitants by 2030.
There are now 17 sustainable development goals where every partner acknowledges that one activity’s outcomes will effectively affect the others. Every development factor thrives from the three keys of prosperity: social, economic, and environmental stability.
The pledge from the Nations not to leave anyone behind has led to the commitment to progress, especially for the far back nations. Their primary intention is to end the factors that undermine development such as poverty, hunger, disorders such as AIDS, and the discrimination against women and girls. Achieving the SDGs will need creativity, technical know-how, finances, and technology from every society.
The History of Sustainable Development Goals
The SDGs agenda provides a blueprint for prosperity and peace among the people globally. The United Nations now are working on 17 common goals, where they all recognize the importance of working together to end poverty. Specific strategies that target health and education while reducing inequality and spurring economic growth are now the thriving factors that the United Nations attempts to improve. The nations are currently working on elevating all these development agendas without compromising environmental protection.
Notably, the sustainable development goals had a long history despite its launching being 2015. Some countries have been holding conferences, and they have been deliberating on specific agendas in the SDGs.
- In Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, the earth summit in 1992, more than 178 countries participated. The delegates agreed to adopt agenda 21, where they deliberated on a comprehensive plan of action to build a global partnership to improve people’s lives while protecting the environment.
- During September 2000, the UN member states adopted a Millennium Declaration at the Millennial Summit at the New York UN headquarters. From the summit, the 8 Millennium Development Goals were expounded on to reduce poverty by 2015.
- Another summit at Johannesburg was a world summit on sustainable development was the critical agenda during this 2002 summit, members deliberated on poverty eradication while keeping the environment. The UN places more emphasis on multilateral partnerships.
- Another summit in 2012 at Rio de Janeiro in Brazil led to new SDGs. The member states adopted the outcome document “the future we want.” The Nations then decided to launch a process to develop a set of SDGs to build upon. They then establish an UN-high-level political forum on sustainable development. The platform also had other measures that enhance sustainable development, including the mandates for future results.
- An open working group was established in 2013 by the General assembly, where they were developing proposals on SDGs.
- In early 2015, the general assembly began the post-2015 development agenda negotiation. It was through these negotiations that led to the adoption of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development. The UN came up with 17 goals during the UN sustainable development summit in September 2015.
- Other activities later arose where they had to deliberate on multilateralism and international cohesion. There was also the adoption of seven significant agreements.
It is worth noting that the department for economic and social affairs (UNDESA) now provides substantive support and capacity building for all the SDGs. It is also defining the vital thematic issues such as water, climate, energy, oceans, transport, urbanization, science, and technology, etc. the Division of sustainable development goals (DSDG) evaluates the UN system-wide implementations of the 2030 vision.
They advocate outreach activities that relate to the SDGs. Stakeholders now advocate broad ownership and commitment to make sustainable development goals to be reachable. It is what the Division of sustainable development goals does to ensure that they achieve the vision. Let us now narrow down to 17 SDGs aiming at transforming the World.
17 Sustainable Development Goals to Transform the World
Goal 1: End Poverty
The number one goal of SDG is to end all forms of poverty in all nations. The key objectives were to end extreme poverty for all people, especially those living below 1.25 dollars in a day. The goal aims to reduce the poverty levels among women, men, and children by implementing a nationally appropriate social protection system and measures that will take care of any forms of poverty.
Goal 2: End Hunger
All genres of people, including the poor, was to access nutritious and sufficient food all year round by 2030. The SDG aims to provide all forms of nutrition and gathering for the shortage of nutritional needs for adolescent girls. All nations were to double the agricultural production and incomes for small scale food producers to facilitate their achievement. Sustainable food production systems were also to be encouraged before 2030.
Goal 3: Good Health and Wellbeing
By 2030, the SDGs reduce the maternal mortality ratio. They also aimed at reducing the number of preventable deaths of newborns and children under age five. The epidemics such as AIDS, malaria, and TB where is also to be dealt with before 2030. Universal access to sexual and reproductive health care services to be also available before 2030. All this, together with other health care needs, is well covered in the document.
Goal 4: Quality Education
The SDGs include quality education where all girls and boys should complete free, equitable, and quality primary and secondary education. All men and women will have equal access to affordable and quality technical, vocational, and tertiary education. All this is achievable by eliminating gender disparities, where everyone has equal access to educational facilities.
Goal 5: Gender Equality
The primary goal of schedule 5 is to end all forms of gender discrimination against women and girls. All forms of violence, trafficking, and sexual harassment are the leading considerations towards achieving the goal by 2030. Other activities that promote gender disparity, such as harmful practices such as forced-marriages and FGM, also adds to the factors that take care of gender equality.
Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
One of the UN targets’ key goals is providing clean water and proper sanitation to all. It is possible to supply clean water by taking care of water sources. Proper sanitation for all people will also facilitate the realization of the goal. The provision of universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water will be a milestone towards realizing the 2030 vision.
Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
By 2030, all the nations in the World should access affordable, reliable, and modern energy services. Nations need to work on processes that will see the energy sector double its production most efficiently. Nations also need to expand the infrastructure while upgrading the technology so that everyone enjoys the goodness that comes with affordable energy.
Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
By 2030, every citizen should achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all their citizens regardless of gender. Young people, people with disabilities will also enjoy friendly working environments. Measures to eradicate any form of forced-labor need to be in place to end modern-day slavery.
Goal 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure
To support economic development, Nations should develop a resilient infrastructure focusing on affordable and equitable access for all. The nations also had to promote an inclusive and sustainable industrialization structure to raise the developing countries’ financial services. Access to small scale industrial and other enterprises to be achieved before 2030.
Goal 10: Reduced Inequality
One of the key goals of sustainable development is to reduce the inequalities by progressively achieving the lower earners’ sustainable income growth at a higher rate than the national average. The plan also aims to empower and promote the social, economic, and political inclusion of all people with no regard to age, sex, or race.
Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
By 2030, countries should strive to ensure access to all adequate, safe, and affordable housing. Accessible transport systems also remain the key to enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization where human settlement will efficiently adapt. It also aims at protecting the World’s cultural and natural heritage hence taking care of communities.
Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
Nations need to implement a ten-year framework on sustainable consumption and production to balance the consumption rate. The countries should achieve sustainable management and efficient use of resources by 2030. They can achieve all this by managing resources such as chemicals, food waste, and soil erosion. Reuse and recycling also remain the vertebral factors that will ensure the proper utilization of natural resources.
Goal 13: Climate Adaptation
United Nations aims at strengthening the adaptive capacity to any climate change through enforcing the climate change policies. Implementing a commitment towards the United Nations framework convention on climate change towards jointly mobilizing 100 billion dollars annually will lead to meaningful mitigation and operationalization of the green climate culture.
Goal 14: Life Below Water
There is a significant benefit that humans get by taking care of life below water. First, they are a source of food. Secondly, they play a role in natural balance. These two great significances make it inevitable to protect life underwater, for they also deserve to exist. Water pollution is a serious offense that interferes with underwater life and, finally, humans.
Goal 15: Life on Land
By 2020, the countries should ensure the conservation, restoration of terrestrial, freshwater ecosystems such as forest, wetlands, mountains, and drylands. It is an obligation under international agreements. The UN intends to oversee the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forest. The desertification process and restoration of degraded land and soil must be implemented to support life inland.
Goal 16: Strong Peace and Justice Institutions
Through international agreements, it was prudent to have strong justice systems independent to ensure peace and promote or building social cohesion in our communities. Strong institutions will propel the protection of citizens against government exploitation, slavery, and corruption.
Goal 17: Partnership to Achieve Goals
According to the sustainable development goals that the UN passed in 2015, it was prudent to have strong means of implementations, which will revitalize the global partnerships hence promoting sustainable development.
Notably, when you read through the United Nations sustainable development goals, you will come across 169 targets that aims at expounding on every goal. It is worth going through all the 169 targets for details on what every goal is aiming at achieving.
How Were the Sustainable Development Goals Chosen?
The United Nations had the greatest consultation plan that gave birth to sustainable development goals. Unlike in the recent past, when few individuals in a committee will sit and come up with goals like MDGs, the UN had to deal with these shortcomings by contacting a wide consultation that aims to gauge the stakeholders’ opinions.
An open working group that was tasked with responsibility in 2012, during the Rio de Janeiro summit, is responsible for the SDGs. Notably, this open group had representation from 70 countries. The UN held its first meeting in March 2013. They later published the last draft with 17 suggestions in July 2014.
After drafting, they later present to the UN general assembly. The member states then had to negotiate, after which they wrote the final wording on goals and targets. The preamble and declaration come later in august 2015.
The UN also conducted a series of global conversations, including 11 thematics and 83 national consultations. Door to door surveys, including an online my world survey, was held to suggest areas where they needed improvement.
How Your Company Can Advance Each of the (SDGs)
Every responsible company will set its policies and standards following the SDGs. The universal principles are essential to realizing the transformational changes that the World needs.
Fortunately, the policies will also yield great returns to the company, which targets the successful implementation of the vision 2030 sustainable goals. Incorporating the SDGs in the company’s policies strengthens the enabling environment for a thriving business with favorable markets worldwide.
Companies can advance sustainable development goals by incorporating models and finding links to important initiatives and resources to promote the SDGs. Companies will then act on action-oriented decisions and get access to tools that supports SDG implementation.
Measuring Progress Towards the Sustainable Development Goals
The United Nations SDGs are targets sets by nations to be implemented by 2030. All the nations of the world would now work towards achieving them. You can refer to the UN database statistics and other international organizations to track the implementation progress. The SDG tracker presents world data from the World in data, making it accessible for everyone. Everyone also has a responsibility to hold their country accountable to achieve the goals.
Be sure to go through all the 17 SDGs with 169 targets. Two hundred thirty-two indicators track the targets. Follow all information about measuring progress towards sustainable development goals by checking the world database from informative sites.
How Will Sustainable Development Goals Be Funded?
Funding sustainable development goals isn’t that cheap. The intergovernmental committee of experts on financing sustainable development approximates a social safety net to eradicate poverty at $66 billion annually.
The annual investment that targets the improvement of infrastructure globally stands at $7 trillion. Infrastructure here includes water, agriculture, transport, and power. The vital funding option for SDGs, according to experts, in public finance. Though, arguably cracking a weep on illicit financial flows and corruption could be a good source for financing the SDGs.
It is worth noting that the major conference attempts on financing SDGs at Addis Ababa failed to produce new sources that can finance sustainable development goals.
The Bottom line
To conclude, global goals play a vertebral role in pushing the developing countries towards success goals. It also motivates the public to work and align their work towards achieving the international set standards. Therefore, it is worth noting the great role that the global principles play and the expected future, which is only ten years ahead! Vision 2030 will be great if all nations focus on implementing the SDG.