Waste Management: An Effective Overview

The worry about the possible consequences of improper waste disposal is the lead reason why waste management remains to be inevitable. All the industrialized nations face the same problem considering the irreparable damages resulting from irresponsible waste disposal. Importantly, toxic waste may pose potential harm to both humans and the environment. It is, therefore, not vanity to worry about the best ways to manage waste.

The increase in population is the primary reason that leads to a surge in waste. Furthermore, many manufacturing industries are now being established to meet human wants. The two factors are excellent, but again, it is proving to be a challenge, especially in big cities where most people are reciting.

Many waste disposal methods are being invented though they are not adequate to handle the whole issue completely. Nations are now working on new ways to maximize the resources’ utility while ensuring humanity’s safety and other living things.

A Brief Overview of Waste Management

The impact of waste on the environment is now very evident. It is the reason nations are now considering better ways to settle the problem. The population is surging; technology is also growing, so is the industry! They are the major reasons for the surge in waste, making it quite challenging to handle. Urban government and agencies are now finding it a challenge because the waste capacity is beyond the handling proportions.

It is now worth thinking about the best ways, technologies, methodologies, and other relevant practices to ease the situation. Interestingly, business entrepreneurs are now ripping much because of the innovations that simplify waste management practices.

Many countries are now rethinking; to define is waste! This idea is the reason that has led to great innovations and behavior change in humans, and all meant to simplify waste management issues. People are now using waste to generate wealth, which has led to the growth of waste industries.

Waste disposal practices now aim at generating wealth while employing little resources to process them. It is an attempt to minimize waste while imparting a general understanding of the importance of managing waste. This will solely depend on the flexibility of people and the ability to adapt changes and implementations.

How the Waste Management Industry Works

Now that the general understanding of waste has been brought to light, it will be a milestone to understand how the waste management industry discharges its duties. First, it becomes easier to handle waste when you understand the lifecycle of the waste you are dealing with. All the products start life from a designing phase, where it goes to manufacturing. Secondly, the products will then go through the third phase, where it is being used. When the value is lost, you may finally decide to dispose of or reuse it. The article will deliberate on four major products that go through the stages above. The materials include plastics, paper, metal, and Glass. 


Indeed, plastics will never wear out. The plastics go through several stages until they make something new from what they were before. First, all plastics will be assembled, after which they go through a sorting process to separate between PET and HSPE types. The companies will then change the plastics already collected into something else. Most of the common uses of plastics include making;

  • Textiles 
  • Bottles 
  • Carpets, etc. 

The companies will usually start by washing, grounding them, melting, and finally coming up with a new product using the same products. It then becomes necessary for humans to take responsibility here. It will be wise to collect all the plastics in the trash rather than throwing them out of the window. 


We often use papers at home, though many people don’t even know the papers’ origin. It is interesting to note that most toilet papers are the products of the already used papers. It follows a few simple steps starting from the collection and sorting them. While sorting the papers, it will be possible to separate them into four categories that are; 

  • Old newspapers 
  • Corrugated boxes 
  • Office mix 
  • Mixed papers 

You can achieve all this at your office. You don’t have to throw them all over your office. Instead, you should pile them up and sell them to the paper mills! It is the industry’s responsibility to decide what to make out of the old papers, which might seem useless to you. 


Many people do not know the usefulness of the Glass. It is the reason you will find them all over. Why can’t you change this? Collect the glasses; the responsible company will crash them to form small fine materials called Cullet. They will then clean it to remove all forms of contaminants and any form of debris. When the Cullet is ready, you can transfer them to the industry that needs them. There are many practical uses of the Cullet; 

  • First, it can make a new container. 
  • Secondly, they can make sand. 
  • And thirdly, it can make road bedding. 

These are the great benefits of reusing that Glass, which will have become a nuisance on the streets. Industries will mix the Cullet with soda ash, limestone, and feldspar to form a suitable mixture for making new bottles and containers. 


Separating metals from trash is very easy. All you need is a magnet that will collect all the metals except Aluminum. The Aluminum will need eddy currents to make it possible to separate it from the trash. Many steel and Aluminum mills are available, and they require the metals. All you will do is crush them and transport the products to these factories. 

The industry will then separate the metals and mold them into something new. They will mix them with other metals, after which they melt it to form sheets that have multiple functions, including making cans! It is an impressive waste management practice that is now in place. 

Metals, plastics, glasses, and papers are now the leading sources of recyclable waste products. The products that most people use are as a result of recycling, such as toilet papers. They eventually turn out to be something else that can be great for agricultural purposes. 

How the Waste Management Industry Disposes of Trash 

It is worth noting that the collection of trash is solely your responsibility at home. The waste disposal industry will then collect them, and they will decide whether; 

  • To use it for landfill. 
  • Utilize as an energy facility 
  • To use them in a recycling facility.

Something is interesting with landfilling. If the waste has many food substances, it will be possible to use it again to generate energy. The bacteria decompose the food to generate methane gas, which is an excellent energy option. 

While the waste is in an energy facility, high heat will break down the trash to generate energy used in homes. Finally, the recycling facilities will be purposed to make good use of the waste. Here products will be converted into something which will still over an economic value. 

The nature of the waste product shall determine the purpose it will serve for waste management. Many companies dealing with waste management are now available, and they are doing well, ensuring that waste undergoes proper management. 

The Importance of Waste Management to Environmental Sanitation 

What do we get when we properly manage waste? Of course, it is a great practice to take care of many issues, such as climate change. Improper disposal will lead to pollution that may not favor the environment and the inhabitants. Waste management will help you in maintaining environmental cleanliness. It is, therefore, useful for the safety of humans. 

 Waste management makes recycling to be achievable. When the nation can reuse all the waste, it won’t be possible to waste it again because you will have converted waste into assets. Recycling also protects the natural resources that could have otherwise been exploited. 

You may have noticed how humans enjoy beautiful sceneries. It will be even best if people could embrace waste management to ensure that they conserve the environment. When human beings are careless, they ruin the natural scenic beauties! Therefore, it will be a milestone to learn how to manage waste to preserve the earth’s natural beauty. 

Waste management ensures that the earth is safe from the encroaching problems that come as time passes by. Greenhouse gases increase with an increase in pollution. Indeed, the greenhouse effect will then lead to climate change! It is possible to change this by embracing waste management practices to safeguard our environment. 

7 Effective Solid Waste Disposal and Management Methods

The earth is facing many challenges while trying to manage solid waste. The seven solid waste management methods below will be beneficial. They include; 

  • Sanitary landfill 
  • Composting 
  • Recycling 
  • Preventing waste generation 
  • Incineration 
  • Disposing of in the sea/ocean 
  • Plasma Gasification 

Sanitary Landfill

Sanitary landfill is now becoming a famous method of managing solid waste. The process involves fetching the waste products and dumping them in a landfill. The process involves protecting the base with a lining, which will serve as a barrier between wastes and water.  

Furthermore, the lining serves to protect water against toxic chemicals that may mix with water. The heavy machines will then subject the waste layers into compaction. They use a type of soil that is non-porous to mitigate the vulnerability of any accidental leakage. Landfills are effective in areas of low groundwater levels. It should also be far from flooding sources.


What is compositing? The process involves the decomposition of all types of organic wastes. It takes a long time to achieve it because it entails piling the waste in a pit and allowing the microbes to decompose them. Once the composite is ready, it can serve many purposes, such as acting as manure hence helping for agricultural practices. 


Recycling is one of the common practices that serve a great deal in waste management. It transforms the waste products into something else that has an economic value. The leading waste products that go through recycling include Aluminum, plastics, and Glasses. The process is environmentally friendly though it can be expensive to process them. 

Preventing Waste Generation 

It is the government’s responsibility to control the production of items that increases waste in the environment. It will be imperative to use second-hand items rather than generating new ones. The government should aim to implement the practices and set up laws that govern products that increase waste.


It is an excellent waste management practice that needs caution. All the waste products go through a combustion channel where the heat generated from combustion is used for other purposes. The practice is very effective and can reduce the volume of waste products by 90%. It is the best way to get rid of toxic and harmful waste substances. Incineration will yield energy that can still be used for heating, lighting, and cooking. 

Disposing of in the Sea or Ocean 

Some waste may not be good to incinerate or even use it as compost. Radioactive waste does not need to be incinerated. Instead, you can dump in an ocean since it is a far place from the human habitat. The method may look impressive, but what about the aquatic life? It is yet another question that may discourage the practice.

Plasma Gasification 

Finally, we can use the plasma gasification process to manage waste. The process is environmentally friendly and converts the recyclables to energy. Plasma gasification utilizes the carbon materials by exposing them to very high temperatures to convert them to syngas. 

Syngas is a valuable gas that can still go through combustion to bring higher grade fuels. For the non-organic part of the waste, they convert them to slag, using them as a construction material.

Waste Management

Waste sorting concept. Happy people putting plastic, glass, bio and paper garbage into different dumpsters. Vector illustration for environment protection and recycling topics

How Does Solid Waste Affect the Environment? 

Notably, three types of wastes are organic, inorganic, and sanitary waste. Organic waste is biological and degradable. Inorganic waste includes minerals and all other synthetic products, while sanitary waste is the used medical equipment, sanitary pads, and toilet papers. 

Mixing the three types of wastes will cause serious environmental hazards. It generates air, soil, and water contamination. The green matter will decompose, giving the green type gases, while others that are toxic will generate industrial waste gases, resulting in a harmful substance. When the decomposing mater enters the water and atmosphere, it poses a great hazard to humans. When people care less about waste management, it will eventually lead to climate change because they influence the earth’s temperature balance.

What is Our Role in Waste Management?

 All humans have a mutual responsibility to ensure proper management of waste. First, it starts at home where everyone takes responsibility to arrange all the waste and collect it. It then spread to the whole nation. 

It will be wise to embrace water hierarchy principles where you reduce, reuse, and recycle. Humans can try as much as possible to reduce waste by reducing the amount of waste produced. In instances where you cannot avoid waste, you should maximize it by recycling or even composting. 

 You cannot manage to recycle the waste; you should consider taking them to a recycling department. The government should play a role here by ensuring that all the waste gets to the right destinations. It is from the industry where they decide what to do with the waste depending on the waste’s nature.

Some countries have taken a good responsibility concerning waste management, and they even now have collection centers for all the waste that cannot be recycled at home. It is a mutual responsibility for both the governing authorities and people to ensure that the environment is clean. 

The Bottom Line

To conclude, waste management is an important practice that will take care of all of us. If we take responsibility, we rip good results by enjoying a good environment free from pollution. Waste is the primary source of pollutions in big cities! The problem can indeed get a solution if people can work together toward a common goal! Let’s make the world a better place to be by embracing the practices that aim at managing waste!

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James Trotta

James Trotta is a graduate of Johns Hopkins University. He is a degree holder in political science. His studies were a success after emerging among the top students in his class with an honors degree. James’ passion was deeply rooted in politics and news reporting, and he immediately joins the giant news company where he worked as a reporter and news editor for three years. The company locates in New York, and he is so much into US politics. James later quits the job to venture into something more focused on the needs of the people.

Trotta Now works as a writer delivering up-to-date news. He writes up-to-date information about politics, business, and entertainment because these are the lead Niches that directly influence people. James also participates in empowering young talents, where his focus is to mentor upcoming talents in the same field. James acknowledges that his happiness is when he sees young talents becoming an inspiration to many.

He is happy to live in New York since it is a center where he gets first-hand information from the US government. James Trotta hopes to be an ambassador of correct and up-to-date news to all US and international consumers.

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