Artificial intelligence is not something from a futuristic book or movie. It is happening around you, whether you’re aware or not. This article on What is Artificial Intelligence will discuss the advancement, benefits, and application of AI. We’ll look at how AI is transforming our lives and the world in general. Many industries are adopting the use of AI to create a better experience. What is the importance of AI in these industries? Also, what will the future look like with these machines?
A Brief History of Artificial Intelligence
Firstly, the history of artificial intelligence traces back to the classical philosophers of Greece. These philosophers attempted to define the process of human thinking as a symbolic system. After that time, there have been many technological advancements. Below is a brief history of how artificial intelligence evolved from its inception to date:
- 1956: John McCarthy chose the name “Artificial Intelligence” at a conference at Dartmouth College, Hanover.
- 1969: The first general-purpose mobile robot, Shakey, was built. Shakey could reason about its actions and environment.
- 1972: Completion of the WABOT-1 project. It was the first full-scale intelligent humanoid robot.
- 1974–1980: The first AI in winter. There was a slowdown in AI research.
- 1987–1993: The second AI winter.
- 1997: “Deep Blue” became the first computer chess-playing system to defeat a world champion. IBM produced this supercomputer.
- 2002: Production of the first robotic vacuum cleaner.
- 2005 – 2020: We have voice-powered virtual assistance, like Alexa, robotic process automation (RPA), chatbots and others.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial intelligence is the design of a computer system, computer-controlled robot, or software, to think like human minds. These machines mimic the action of humans to complete a task or achieve a goal. The study of patterns of the human brain and cognitive process leads to the development of intelligent systems. Different types of artificial intelligence programming focus on these goals:
- Logical Reasoning: The use of AI to perform difficult tasks.
- Language Processing: Involves interaction between human language and computers. We can see this in speech recognition.
- Machine Learning: This subset of AI builds on sample data to make a prediction.
- Planning and Navigation: The use of a computer system to arrange objects or move them. For instance, self-driving cars and autonomous robots.
- Knowledge Representation: This field dedicates to solving complex like diagnosing an illness.
- Perception: Here, computers interpret data the same way a human would.
Artificial general intelligence is the primary goal of most AI researches. The aim is to have machines perform intelligent actions a human can.
Importance of Artificial Intelligence in This Era
The importance of developing artificial intelligence is that it makes life easier for humans. These technologies decrease human effort when carrying out tasks. The processes are often automated, thereby reducing the level of manual assistance that may be needed.
AI helps you can smoothly run any task while increasing efficiency. You can see the use of artificial intelligence in different sectors. From business to health, AI software makes the world better. Finally, AI speeds up everyday jobs with a certain level of precision. The accuracy that comes with using AI makes it useful in different fields.
Artificial Intelligence Top 4 Uses
What is artificial intelligence doing for us?
1. In Health Care and Medicine
The use of artificial intelligence in medicine is notable and impactful. Different machine learning algorithms help diagnose illnesses like tumors and cancer. Also, AI software analyzes the symptoms and health records of the patient.
Healthcare bots provide 24/7 medical attention and assistance. Therefore, medical personnel doesn’t need to work on appointments or other less significant work. Furthermore, artificial intelligence in healthcare has increased medical assistance in fields like rehabilitation, surgery, radiology.
2. In Financial Institutions
What is artificial intelligence doing for the banking sector? The benefits of artificial intelligence are significant, from managing transactions to handling complex tasks. Thus, financial transactions, trading, risk management are smooth with artificial intelligence and machine learning. They also help in monitoring suspicious transactions. Furthermore, credit card companies use AI to detect fraud or card problems among users.
3. In Air Transport
Artificial intelligence is changing the face of the transport sector. Planning the routes, flight landing, and takeoff plays a huge role in air transport. AI also assists the professionals in giving humans are comfortable experience. At security checks, for instance, AI confirms your identity with your biometric data. It helps analyze the weather, diagnose the aircraft, and plan the flight. Air transport companies can avoid risks with the use of AI.
4. In Gaming
What is AI achieving in this field? Sometimes when you want to play a game, you have nobody to play with you. What do you do? You play with the computer! That’s artificial intelligence at work. The bots play with you the same way a human would. Likewise, you can see AI in virtual reality and augmented reality games. For example, we have Pokemon Go, an augmented reality game.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence
How Does AI work to our advantage?
Reduced Human Error
Robotics and AI are gaining entrance into various fields chiefly because of precision. A human can make errors sometimes, like when fatigued. But with AI, you get accurate results always. When you program right, the machine will do what you want it to do. AI works using previous information and data they gather over time. Hence, it gets more accurate the next time.
Reduced Risks for Human
Here is another primary benefit of artificial intelligence. It takes the risk for humans. For example, instead of defusing a nuclear bomb by yourself, you can program an AI to do that. Other instances include mining for coal or oil, during Nuclear explosions, natural or unnatural disasters.
Artificial intelligence, unlike a human, does not get tired. They are available to work non-stop. This availability makes AI perfect for various industries. For instance, AI helpline systems for businesses, education centers, and other industries. Many businesses use chatbots to help or sell to their customers. If your customers are in different time zones, chatbots can be efficient at answering their questions.
What is Artificial intelligence or a machine going to do when a customer yells at it?
Machines have zero emotions, and that makes them the best choice for dealing with some humans. If a customer yells at you, you may want to shout back or do something worse. However, a chatbot will analyze their word and provide relevant feedback.
Finally, AI makes decisions faster than any human would. This speed increases productivity and quicker delivery.
- High Costs of Creation and Maintenance
- Lack of creativity
- May also lead to unemployment.
Key Differences Between Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
What is artificial intelligence doing differently from machine learning? AI and ML correlate with each other and are used to create intelligent systems. Most often, people use them as synonyms though there’s a difference.
Here are some key differences:
|Artificial Intelligence||Machine Learning|
|Artificial intelligence enables a machine to simulate human behavior and thinking.||Machine learning is a subfield of AI, allowing systems to learn from past data and act without being explicitly programmed.|
|The main aim is to increase the chances of success.||Machine learning focuses on accuracy.|
|The idea is to have intelligent systems perform any task the way a human would||The machines are taught with data on how to perform a particular task.|
|AI has a broader concept and works on logical thinking.||ML works the onset of defined rules and data.|
|Examples: Siri, customer support chatbots, Alexa, self-driving cars, Face detectors, apps like Uber, and Lyft.||Examples: search algorithms, Used on Sites like Amazon, Google, to offer product suggestions.|
How AI is Transforming the World
Artificial intelligence is transforming every industry. Probably, you’ve used one of many AI applications. The advance of AI leads to more opportunities for economic development. We see its applications in various sectors like finance, health, national security, criminal justice.
Also, different cities are adopting AI-enabled applications to improve resource management and utilization of energy. The business model has changed for many industries, including transport companies. What is AI deployed for criminal justice and security?
In countries like China, AI matches images, videos, voices, and other information to detect or keep track of criminals. Some critics are afraid this AI system may fail and get innocent people punished.
Despite these advancements, there are questions regarding policies and data bias. Depending on programming, the algorithm could use ethical or racial considerations when making decisions. The government is currently analyzing these issues for transparency and fair usage.
The Future of AI
AI is gaining popularity. But, what is artificial intelligence going to look like some years from now? We know the future may look like this:
There’ll be the production of more self-driving cars. There’ll be more smart cities as AI will control public infrastructures, home appliances, and others. Humans will use robots as assistances at home, workplaces, and everywhere else. AI will handle many tasks, like scheduling appointments and offering care to people who need assistance. Robots may take care of your child or parents. An artificial intelligence future is going to change the world. And some of these changes are taking place already.
The Bottom Line
Artificial intelligence has an impact on the way humans live. With the aid of AI, tasks are performed in a smooth, fast, and accurate manner. Different industries deploy AI for efficiency, precision, and high output. Furthermore, there’s still a lot to look forward to, in terms of advancement, and we can’t wait! We hope this article answered all the questions you have on artificial intelligence.