What is Motivation? Types, Theories, Features, Uses, and Impacts

Human beings are not passive by default. It is in our nature to thrive hard and get what we want. Some of us get exactly what we want, and some of us may have to wait a little more than others. But have you ever thought that what trait in you makes you want the thing that you need most? Or the trait which makes you put in the effort?

It is motivation deep down in you that makes you keep going on the same path to achieve the desired results. Motivation is the key component that differentiates us human beings from pandas. The following reading talks about the motivation, reason for motivation, how it works, and its impact.

What is Motivation?

Motivation is a crucial concept to understand. It is the force that helps us to keep our goal-oriented behavior alive. It initiates and guides us towards the best possible path which can take us to our goal.

Furthermore, motivation is the driving force that activates our cognitive, learning, and emotional behavior. Whether you want to get up and shower or make a movie, the internal driving force that helps you achieve both goals is motivation.

What exactly lies behind motivation? Well, you will get a lot of answers to this question. Some theorists come up with motivation theories where they argue and give factors that motivate. On the other hand, some psychologists would present you with cognitive facts and psychological makeup responsible for the difference in motivation among individuals.

How Motivation Works

If we talk biologically, the hormone dopamine in our brain gets us motivated. The imaginary happiness of reward that one would get after they achieve their goal produces dopamine. The dopamine, in return, activates certain nerves in our brain, which makes us put in the effort.

Without motivation, the work done wouldn’t contain our whole effort and dedication. Motivated people put in their true potential in work, which greatly impacts the quality of work. Motivation does not only increase the quality of work, but at the same time, it increases productivity and efficiency.


Types of Motivation

The motivation primarily can be of two types. These are:

  1. Intrinsic motivation
  2. Extrinsic motivation

Intrinsic motivation refers to the motivation that an individual gets from the inside. For example, you solve a very difficult sum of math. Once your brain got the idea that you can do it, you would feel the driving force and happiness. This driving force would make you solve the whole exercise, and at the same time, you would start enjoying your homework. Intrinsic motivation depends on a person’s mental processes, cognitive reactions, and willpower.

On the contrary to this, extrinsic motivation stands. This motivation is the one that you get externally. For example, someone’s story of success inspires you because you were able to relate to them. This inspiration would activate your motivational behavior. Music, ted talks, motivational quotes, and movies can be the example of extrinsic motivation.

Why is Motivation Important?

Motivation helps us to get a better insight into human nature. It is important for success. It is important for inner happiness, and most importantly, it is very important for satisfaction. An individual does not only need the motivation to get materialistic things or to achieve a goal.

Rather, it plays an important role in developing the self-confidence of the individual. It is also very important in building the internal self of the person. Motivated behavior allows you to compete with the world, get hold of the situation, and make difficult decisions. Thus, motivation is very important for the individual who wants to grow as a human being and professional.

Theories of Motivation

There are a lot of theories that you would find on motivation. The famous theories that you must have listened about are Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, McClelland’s acquired needs, The Hawthorne effect, and Vroom’s theory of expectancy. All these theories explain what the factors that motivate human beings are.

For instance, Vroom’s theory of expectancy says that the level of expectations that people have from an individual is responsible for the motivation level in that person. On the other hand, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs explains how human beings are born with motivation and how biological and social factors play a role.

The Features of Motivation

The main features of motivation are listed below.

  • Motivation is goal-oriented
  • Motivation is a continuous process
  • Motivation may be monetary or non-monetary
  • Motivation is a psychological phenomenon that converts abilities into performance.
  • Motivation may be positive or negative
  • Motivation may be considered in totality, not in piecemeal

The Uses of Motivation

Motivation can have multiples uses. Some of them are:

  • It helps you increase the quality and productivity of your work
  • It makes the person much more efficient
  • It helps the individual recognize his true self
  • Helps to boost self-confidence
  • Helps with hard decision making and makes people feel to have control over their life.
  • Helps them get promotions and other monetary benefits
  • Increases the satisfaction and happiness in an individual

The Impact of Motivation

The impact of motivation is evident. Once you get the motivation to do something, you initiate a plan. You prepare yourself mentally and make a road map on how you can get started. The second step is persistence.

Here you strive hard to achieve your goal. Persistence comes with motivation, and the last part is intensity. The intensity of your work depends totally on your level of motivation. Thus, motivation has a lot of impact on the way people perceive the task.

Tips to Get Motivation

  • Surround yourself with optimistic people. People with a positive outlook do make a lot of difference.
  • Find a person who can mentor you.
  • Reflect upon your choices often and understand where you went wrong.
  • Do not go hard on yourself.
  • Focus on the process and outcome of the task.

The Bottom Line 

Motivation is an important aspect that one should have to be successful. Even the smallest of the task would require your motivation. That derives from getting up and pursue because of the outcome or the mere feeling of pleasure plays a huge role in who we are.

Motivation can affect your personal life, social life, and professional life majorly. Motivation makes you stay committed and on your toes till the task is completed and the outcome is visible. Thus, it is important to reflect upon the level of your motivation. You can always use the tips above to keep yourself motivated. Motivation does not only make you successful, but it also makes you happy and keeps you at peace.



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Kiprono Langat
Kiprono Graduated from South Eastern Kenya University in 2019. He graduated with second class honors in actuarial science, but his passion was never to be established in the financial sector. He had a passion for writing, and he has been doing it for more than five years. Kiprono enjoys writing on the things that affect human health, and he has over 2000 articles submitted to various SEO websites. He now works full time as a writer in one of the world’s best SEO companies in Bangladesh. Kiprono understands the importance of working under strict timelines, and his employers give him credit for that. He spends his leisure hours during the weekend doing charity work.

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